RUSART > History of Arts > Claude Monet

Claude Monet

(1840-1926)

 

MonetClaude Monet was a founder of French impressionist painting. The term Impressionism is derived from the title of his painting Impression, Sunrise (Impression, soleil levant). It hung in the first Impressionist exhibition in 1874 and is now displayed in the Musée Marmottan Monet in Paris. Sunrise, Monet

Monet suffered from cataracts. His later paintings of the lily pond and the Japanese bridge at Giverny, when adjusted to reflect the typical symptoms of cataracts, appear dark and muddied. The artist's signature vibrant colors are muted, replaced by browns and yellows. Monet wrote of his growing frustration with his deteriorating vision, describing how he was forced to memorize where the colors were placed on his palette. In 1914 he wrote in his correspondence "colors no longer had the same intensity for me...reds had begun to look muddy...my painting was getting more and more darkened. on the one hand trusting solely to the labels on the tubes of paint and, on the other, to force of habit".

As his vision continued to deteriorate, Monet's paintings became darker, less detailed and more abstract. The subject matter of the above painting from 1920 - the Japanese footbridge at Giverny, immortalized in his earlier water lily paintings - is barely recognizable.

In 1923, Monet finally agreed to have the cataract in his right eye surgically removed. The procedure had been available since the turn of the century, but he had until then refused it. Although he never had his left eye operated on, he was eventually fitted with effective corrective lenses.

Monet died of lung cancer on 5 December 1926 at the age of 86 and is buried in the Giverny church cemetery.

To Monet's biography »

Twilight, Venice
oil on canvas, 1908
Bridgestone Museum of Art, Tokyo

The Islets at Port-Villez
oil on canvas, 1897
Bequest of Grace Underwood Barton

Still-life with Anemones
oil on canvas

Still Life with Apples and Grapes
oil on canvas, 1880
Art Institute of Chicago

Still Life: Piece of Beef

Still Life with Pears and Grapes
oil on canvas

Still Life with Flowers and Fruit
oil on canvas, 1869

Still Life With Melon
oil on canvas

Regate a Argenteuil
oil on canvas, 48x75cm
Musee d'Orsay

Parlament in London
oil on canvas, 81x92cm
Musee d'Orsay

Camille Monet at her tapestry loom
oil on canvas, 1875
Barnes Foundation, Merion, PA

Bathing at La Grenouillere
oil on canvas, 1869, 73x92cm

Boulevard des Capucines
oil on canvas

Women in the Garden
oil on canvas, 1886

Garden at Sainte Adresse
oil on canvas

Le Pont du chemin de fer a Argenteuil
oil on canvas
Christie's, New York

La Grenouillere
oil on canvas, 1869, 74.6x99.7cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Palazzo Dario, Venice
oil on canvas, 1908, 92.3x73.6 cm
National Museum Wales, Cardiff

Garden at Giverny
oil on canvas, 1900, 81x92 cm
Musee d'Orsay, Paris

Rue Montorgueil
oil on canvas, 1878
Musee d'Orsay, Paris

Bordighera
oil on canvas, 1884
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Jardin à Sainte-Adresse
oil on canvas, 1867
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Woman with a Parasol, (Camille and Jean Monet)
oil on canvas, 1875, 100x81cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington (D.C.)

Water Lilies
oil on canvas
Private Collection

Field of yellow irises at Giverny
oil on canvas, 1887, 45x100cm
Musee Marmottan, Paris

Bend in the Epte River near Giverny
oil on canvas, 1888
The William L. Elkins Collection

Under the Pines, Evening
oil on canvas, 1888
Philadelphia Museum of Art

Saint-Germain-l'Auxerrois Paris
oil on canvas, 1867, 79x98 cm
Alte Nationalgalerie Berlin

Jean Monet on His Hobby Horse
oil on canvas, 1872, 60.6x74.3cm
The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Madame Monet in a Japanese Costume
oil on canvas, 1875
National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC.

Rouen Cathedral, Facade (sunset),
oil on canvas, 1892-1894
Musee Marmottan Monet, Paris

Railroad Bridge, Argenteuil
oil on canvas, 1874, 79x98cm
Philadelphia Museum of Art

Bridge Over a Pond of Water Lilies
oil on canvas, 1899
The Metropolitan Museum of Art

Le bateau atelier (The Boat Studio)
oil on canvas, 1876, 72x59.8cm
The Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania

Weeping Willow
oil on canvas, 1918, 131x110.3cm
Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, Ohio

Rock Arch West of Etretat (The Manneport)
oil on canvas, 1883, 65.4x81.3 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Boats on the Beach, Etretat
oil on canvas, 1885, 65x81.3 cm
The Art Institute of Chicago

Sunflowers
oil on canvas, 1881, 101x81cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

The Saint-Lazare Train Station
oil on canvas, 1877
Musee d'Orsay, Paris

Bridge at Argenteuil
oil on canvas

Bridge over a Pool of Water Lilies
oil on canvas, 1899, 92.7x73.7cm
The Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Japanese Bridge
oil on canvas, 1918-1924

Wheatstacks (End of Summer)
oil on canvas, 1890-91, 60x100cm
The Art Institute of Chicago

Meule, Soleil Couchant
oil on canvas, 1891, 73.3x92.6cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

An Orchard in Spring
oil on canvas, 1886
The Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Pond at Mongeron
oil on canvas

The Beach at Trouville
oil on canvas, 1870, 38x46cm
National Gallery, London

The Saint-Lazare Train Station
oil on canvas, 1877, 60x80cm
Musee Marmottan, Paris

Water Lillies
oil on canvas

Woman Seated under the Willows
oil on canvas

Banks of the Seine, Vetheuil
oil on canvas, 1870, 38x46cm
National Gallery, London

Camille
oil on canvas, 1866, 231x151cm
Kunsthalle Bremen

Self Portrait with a Beret
oil on canvas, 1886, 46x56cm
Private Collection

Port-Goulphar, Belle-Ile
oil on canvas, 1887
Art Gallery of New South Wales

Poplars in Autumn
oil on canvas, 1891
Philadelphia Museum of Art

The Regatta at Argenteuil
oil on canvas

The Water Lily Pond
oil on canvas, 1900

Sunset at Lavacourt
oil on canvas, 1880

Poppies Blooming
oil on canvas, 1873
Musee d'Orsay, Paris.

The Studio Boat
oil on canvas
Kroller-Muller Museum in Otterlo, Netherlands

The Parc Monceau
oil on canvas, 1876, 60x81cm

Water Lily Pond
oil on canvas
The Art Institute of Chicago

Poppy Field at Giverny
oil on canvas, 1885, 60x73cm
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia USA

The Water-Lily Pond (Japanese Bridge)
oil on canvas, 1900
Museum of Fine Arts (United States)

The Customs House at Varengeville
oil on canvas, 1897

Camille Monet with Her Child
oil on canvas, 1875, 55.3x64.7cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

Woman in the Garden. Sainte-Adresse
oil on canvas, 1867, 82x100cm
State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia

Grand Quai at Havre
oil on canvas, 1872
State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia

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